The orange trees not only exuded a southern flair but also served as a symbol of status and power – the fruits being compared to the Golden Apples of the Hesperides, which bestowed eternal youth on the gods. According to Greek mythology, Hercules was the only mortal who succeeded in robbing the nymphs of their coveted fruits. To this day, the statue of Hercules Saxonicus stands supreme among the figures adorning the Wallpavillon.
At the end of the 19th century, the orange trees were removed from the Zwinger. It was an inglorious departure, not so much due to the harsh climate but rather the uncouth behaviour of visitors, who probably fancied themselves as latter-day Hercules.